26 January: ‘We The People ‘ of India Celebrate the 71 th Birthday of the Constitution of India

On the occasion of the celebration of the 71th Birthday, that is 26 January, for a republic like ours, it is very important to grasp the idea behind the celebration. We should on this particular occasion recall the principles and values behind the idea of the formation of a Republic named India; and the carrier of these principles and ideas are recorded in the Constitution of India that was introduced by the Constituent Assembly under the guidance of Jawaharlal Nehru and B. R. Ambedkar on 26 January 1950.

  

What the Constitution Tells

India is a secular and democratic republic with a parliamentary system that is based on adult franchise.  The phrase ‘adult franchise’ means that an adult man and an adult woman have a right to vote. It is also a federation that means that there is a demarcation of areas of action between the Union Government and the government of the States that are the part of  the Union .It describes in detail  the fundamental rights that all Indian citizens have –

  • freedom of speech and expression,
  • freedom to assemble peaceably and to form associations,
  • freedom to acquire and hold property,
  • the Constitution guarantees all citizens equality before the law and equality of opportunity in government employment ,
  • the State is not to discriminate against any citizen on grounds of religion, caste, sex , place of birth.
  • The practice of ‘Untouchability’, according to the Constitution, is abolished.
  • All Indians have been given the right to freely profess, practice and propagate any religion.

 

Forbidding any religious interaction in any educational institution wholly maintained out of State funds, the Constitution of India gives the right to freely profess, practice and propagate any religion.  It also lays down “Directive Principle of State Policy” that are not enforceable in a court of law but which are to shield the State in the making of laws. These incorporate:

 

  • the promotion of a social order based on social, economic and political justice in all areas of national life;
  • the prevention of accumulation of wealth and means of production equal pay for equal work for both men and women, organizations of village Panchayats;
  • the right to work and education;
  • public cooperation in case of unemployment, old age and sickness;
  • a uniform civil code throughout the country; and
  • the promotion of the educational economic interests of the weaker section of the people, in particular of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

With confidence in their capacity and their intense desire to succeed, the people of India at that time set out to change the face of the country and to build a just and good society and a secular, democratic and egalitarian India; now is the time the new and present generation should come forward to shoulder the responsibility in maintaining that confidence and capacity that to live up to the expectations of the Constitution of India.